Spring Auction 2019 Sale 75
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This lot is closed for bidding. Bidding ended on 4/30/2019
Very important typed document signed by senior representatives of the Allies and Nazi Germany which would set the stage for Allied humanitarian airborne food drops to tens of thousands of starving Dutch… behind enemy lines! The document offered here, 1p. 8 ¼” x 13”, [Achterveld, Holland], is signed at the conclusion by Major-General SIR FRANCIS "FREDDIE" DE GUINGAND (1900–1979), Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery's most senior staff officer who served with him from El Alamein to the surrender of the Wehrmacht in the West. The German representative signing is ERNST-AUGUST SCHWEBEL (1886-1955), a German lawyer and representative to Reichskommissar Artur Seyss-Inquart. It sets forth the essentials of the joint plan for British and American airdrops by unarmed aircraft of food to starving Dutch civilians behind the German lines. By early 1945, the situation was growing desperate for the three million or more Dutch still under German control. The agreement, in German, reads in part: “TOP SECRET…A meeting was held on 28th April between representatives of the Allies and of the German civil administration in Holland…[nine representatives of the Allies and Germany are listed, along with their ranks/titles]…It was agreed that a meeting should be held at 1800 hours…on Monday, 30th April, 1945, with Lieut-General W. Bedell-Smith…and Reichskommissar Seyss-Inquart…The Dutch Director-General of Food…would accompany the German delegates. General Crerar, the commander of the First Canadian Army, would be present if possible…After this agreement, Allied experts were called in to explain to the German delegation what methods of feeding the Dutch civilian population the Allies proposed. The German delegation agreed to refer these details to their experts…so that [the meeting] should proceed expeditiously. These discussions will be kept secret…” Signatures of de Guingand and Schwebel appear at bottom, dated April 28, 1945. Signatures a tad light, a couple of toned spots, else very good. Before the parties could meet again, the British commenced their “mercy flights” code named Operation Manna the very next day. The Americans would commence their flights, Operation Chowhound, on May 1, delivering nearly 5,000 tons of food within only a few days. This historic agreement was also the catalyst for the cessation of hostilities. The temporary truce it brought about continued in the Netherlands until the final German surrender there on May 5, 1945.
OPERATION CHOWHOUND AND THE RELIEF OF THE NETHERLANDS: ALLIES AND GERMANS AGREE TO AIRDROP FOOD TO SAVE STARVING HOLLAND
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Current Bidding (Reserve Not Met)
Minimum Bid: $3,500.00
Final prices include buyers premium: $0.00
Estimate: $7,000 - $9,000
Auction closed on Wednesday, May 1, 2019.
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